Archives Outside

For people who love, use and manage archives

Archives Outside - For people who love, use and manage  archives

State on a Plate

What we mean by New South Wales in the 21st century is something quite different from what it meant in 1788, 1825 or 1859.

Our Senior Archivist, Context and Documentation was fortunate to come across this wonderful ceramic plate showing maps of the Australian colonies or states with the caption ‘Australia 1980 Growth of a Nation.’
P1010381_Australia_Plate_1980P1010382_Australia_Plate_1980_verso

 

 

But why does what we mean by New South Wales even matter?

1788

The Colony of New South Wales (Organisation 1) in 1788 covered the area between latitudes 10 degrees 37 minutes south [Cape York] to 43 degrees 39 minutes south [South Cape]. It even included the adjacent islands so both Van Diemen’s Land, Norfolk Island and New Zealand’s North Island and half of its South Island  were part of New South Wales. Hence the earliest records for the settlements on these islands are New South Wales records.

1788-1824

1825 (Tasmania)

Van Diemen’s Land became a separate colony in 1825 but prior to this had no superior court so prisoners often had to travel to New South Wales for their cases to be heard in the Criminal Court in Sydney (Agency 535) or the NSW Deputy Judge Advocate had to travel to Hobart or Launceston to hear cases there. Hence some of the earliest court records relating to those residing in Tasmania can be found in New South Wales records (eg. NRS 2708).

1825

1851 (Victoria)

Similarly the Port Phillip District of New South Wales did not become the Colony of Victoria until 13 July 1851. So the earliest immigration records for Victoria from 1839 to 1851 are records of the Colony of New South Wales. Just look at the online Immigration index .

1851

1859 (Queensland)

What about Queensland? Well it was the Moreton Bay District of New South Wales prior to 6 June 1859. Once again the earliest records belong to New South Wales. Think of the Commissioner of Crown Lands for the Darling Downs (Agency 3500) or the Moreton Bay Penal Establishment (Agency 2101 ).

1859

Northern Territory

Even the area now known as the Northern Territory was part of New South Wales. Are there any New South Wales colonial records though? Emphatically yes! There was the Fort Wellington Settlement at Raffles Bay from 1826 which was abandoned in 1829 and another settlement at Port Essington (Agency 2887 ) from 1838 to 1849 when it too was abandoned. We hold records such as the Register of public labour performed daily at Fort Wellington (NRS 1092).

1862

Western Australia

And don’t think New South Wales doesn’t have any records relating to Western Australia. After the Raffles Bay settlement was abandoned the folk there took off to King George’s Sound (Agency 2517)  to start again in December 1829. It remained a penal settlement until it became part of the Colony of Western Australia.

1863

Australian Capital Territory

One late change to the borders of the State of New South Wales (Organisation 2) took place in 1911. That was when the Commonwealth of Australia took possession of the area now known as the Australian Capital Territory. Thus New South Wales has records relating to the selection of the site of Canberra (see our Guide to New South Wales State Archives relating to Responsible Government ) and we have records relating to places which were part of the State prior to the transfer. Examples may be found in the School files (NRS 3829) listed in our online Schools index .

1911

Understanding our changing borders can help us to understand what we can find in the archives of the State we now know as New South Wales!

 

Verso of Plate

verso

Sydney’s Beaches Launched [archival research in action ]

Dr. Caroline Ford at the launch

Background

In 2009 Dr Caroline Ford was the inaugural winner of the NSW Archival Research Fellowship. The scholarship enabled her to expand her research on Sydney’s relationship with its ocean foreshores, originally undertaken for her 2007 PhD at the University of Sydney. On 23 October 2014 the Hon Rob Stokes, MP, Minister for the Environment and Minister for Heritage, launched Caroline’s book Sydney Beaches: a History.

 Caroline described her book as an ‘environmental, cultural and political history of our much-loved ocean coast’. Although the thesis only went up to 1920, the book includes up to the present day.

5633048704_cbde85aa98_z

View of Bronte Beach, Sydney Dated: late 1930s

Working with the archives

Relying heavily on the State Records collection, especially NRS 8258 Letter received [Miscellaneous Branch, Department of Lands], she ‘read thousands of pages of original government records that explained why particular governments made critical decisions that changed the shape of our beaches forever…’. One of these government decisions that comes as a surprise to modern readers was to buy the beaches back from the land owners in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries including iconic beaches like Tamarama and Bronte, ensuring that Sydney beaches are free to the public.

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View of Milsons Point and Luna Park (NSW)

Despite the difficulties of locating files within NRS 8258, it contains some surprising material. For example in one file Caroline found a rejected proposal from the early 1930s to build a Luna Park on Bondi Beach which included an evaluation and report on St Kilda’s Luna Park. She has written about this in another forthcoming publication. Other files from the same period detailed community and government opposition to enclosed shark nets planned for Bondi and Manly ocean beaches, and the battles campers faced along the coast in pitching their tents close to their favourite strips of sand.

View of Neilsen Park, Sydney (NSW)

View of Neilsen Park, Sydney (NSW)

Behind every good researcher ….(there is a good retriever)

It was lovely to see that the book contains a thank you to our tireless retrieval staff who Caroline acknowledged as having ‘delivered dusty files and huge crumbling registers by the trolley load with unrivalled grace and efficiency over several years…’

Retrieving the record. Image by Anthea Brown

Honour the ANZAC legacy in the 21st C spirit


Step into your place

As part of the 100 year anniversary of WWI, State Records NSW and apps4nsw are challenging developers to create an app that uses the collection of WWI state records in new and innovative ways. The goal is to streamline access to state records regarding WWI and find new ways to link the data.

The winning app will help honour the ANZAC legacy. It could also earn its creators $15,000 in prize money.

 The data

As part of the 100 year anniversary of WW1, State Records NSW has developed a Centenary of Anzac website, which showcases records in our collection that relate to WW1. Data sets are also available on the NSW Open Data Portal

 The challenge

To take State Records NSW data and create new interfaces to connect researchers with the collection and provide new pathways to link material together. Ideally, the app will have a WWI focus; however, it can relate to the period in any way—home front, personal relationships, soldiers, government responses and social trends.

How to submit

apps4nswSo get your submissions in to apps4nsw and help us honour the ANZAC legacy.

More information

For more information on the challenge and how to enter, visit apps4nsw and NSW Anzac Centenary .

Applications close on Thursday 13 November  2014.

 

School Choir – highlights from NRS 15051 School Photographic Collection

The school choir – an integral part of any school music programme!

NRS 15051  School Photographic Collection captures choirs in full flight, group photos of choirs that have won competitions and scenes of ensembles practising in classrooms!

See more images from NRS 15051 here.

Caption: Coogee Public School - Singing Group  Digital ID: 15051_a047_003191.jpg  Date: 1947

Caption: Coogee Public School – Singing Group
Digital ID: 15051_a047_003191.jpg
Date: 1947

Caption: Albion Street Public School (Paddington) - winning choir at the Young People's Industrial Exhibition in 1901  Digital ID: 15051_a047_000074.jpg  Date: 1901

Caption: Albion Street Public School (Paddington) – winning choir at the Young People’s Industrial Exhibition in 1901
Digital ID: 15051_a047_000074.jpg
Date: 1901

Caption: Drummoyne Public School - 6th Class Winning Choir  Digital ID: 15051_a047_004391.jpg  Date: 1941

Caption: Drummoyne Public School – 6th Class Winning Choir
Digital ID: 15051_a047_004391.jpg
Date: 1941

Caption: Duri Public School  Digital ID: 15051_a047_004482.jpg  Date: 1955

Caption: Duri Public School
Digital ID: 15051_a047_004482.jpg
Date: 1955

 

Event: A morning tea with the Carrington Albums [Armidale]

bird

Three stunning hand-painted leather-bound volumes from a collection more than a century old will be on public display in Armidale on Wednesday 5 November.

NSW State Records Director Geoff Hinchcliffe will visit the University of New England Heritage Centre — a State Records regional repository — armed with three albums from the precious 22-volume Carrington collection, including one album featuring pages from  Tenterfield.
B“These fragile cloth-hinged albums, which only recently came into the public domain, were originally presented as a farewell gift to
Lord Carrington, Governor of New South Wales from 1885 to 1890,” Mr Hinchcliffe said.Elephant Crest

“Lord Carrington was a much respected Governor in the 1880s and the finely detailed illuminated borders, hand painted
illustrations and well-wishing messages from residents, towns and associations across the state included in the albums indicate the high regard in which he was held.

“The volumes also give valuable insight into the optimistic and patriotic sentiment of the time in the lead up to Federation, with many of the gilt-edged pages proudly depicting flora and fauna distinctive to a region, local agricultural scenes or streetscapes of burgeoning rural towns.”

In 2014 the descendants of Lord Carrington donated the volumes to the people of NSW and they were presented to State Records NSW by then Governor Marie Bashir.

Date:  Wednesday 5 November 2014

Time: 10.00am

Location: University of New England Heritage CentreCnr Dangar and Kentucky Streets

RSVP: By Friday 31  October 2014 (morning tea provided)

Contact details: Ph:(02) 6773 6555 email: heritage@une.edu.au

Carrington Volume 4

 

Schools – Socks for Soldiers in WWI

Another highlight from NRS 15051 Schools Photographic collection are photos documenting school children’s participation in the war effort during World War I (WWI).

School children were among the many groups who put their hand to providing comforts for troops at the front.

Organisations such as the Red Cross and the Soldiers Sock Fund encouraged people from all walks of life to knit socks to send to soldiers.

Without the means to wash or dry clothing, new clean socks were greatly needed by soldiers in an effort to ward against trench foot which was rife in the cold, wet mud of the trenches.

For more WWI related content online, see the State Records NSW Centenary of Anzac website.

Corowa Public School, 1917, measuring the number of socks knitted using ‘the sock barometer’. A grand total 140 pairs were completed:

Caption: Corowa Public School - sock barometer, grand total 140 pairs  Digital ID: 15051_a047_003367.jpg  Date: year only 01/01/1917

Caption: Corowa Public School – sock barometer, grand total 140 pairs
Digital ID: 15051_a047_003367.jpg
Date: year only 01/01/1917

A newspaper article sourced from Trove emphasises the need for socks by troops at the front and encourages the knitters of NSW to contribute:

1918 'SOCKS FOR SOLDIERS.', The Mirror (Sydney, NSW : 1917 - 1919), 10 May, p. 3, viewed 17 September, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136728185

1918 ‘SOCKS FOR SOLDIERS.’, The Mirror (Sydney, NSW : 1917 – 1919), 10 May, p. 3, viewed 17 September, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136728185

Coonamble Public School, 1918, Red Cross Workers at the Superior Public School:

Caption: Coonamble Public School - Red Cross Workers Superior Public School Coonamble [spinning and knitting]  Digital ID: 15051_a047_003294.jpg  Date: year only 01/01/1918

Caption: Coonamble Public School – Red Cross Workers Superior Public School Coonamble [spinning and knitting]
Digital ID: 15051_a047_003294.jpg
Date: year only 01/01/1918

 Bondi Public School, 1916, spinning:

Caption: Bondi Public School - spinning wheel  Digital ID: 15051_a047_001478.jpg  Date: month and year only 31/10/1916

Caption: Bondi Public School – spinning wheel
Digital ID: 15051_a047_001478.jpg
Date: month and year only 31/10/1916

Camperdown Public School, 1916, knitting socks:

Caption: Camperdown Public School - knitting  Digital ID: 15051_a047_002311.jpg  Date: c. 31/12/1916

Caption: Camperdown Public School – knitting Digital ID: 15051_a047_002311.jpg Date: c. 31/12/1916

One of our Archives Outside readers has kindly provided us with images of “The Grey Sock”, a booklet produced by the Soldiers’ Sock Fund  in 1914. The booklet provides instructions for knitting socks for soldiers.

"The Grey Sock" - Soldiers' Sock Fund booklet 1914 Contributed by Archives Outside reader Rhonda Cetta-Hoye

“The Grey Sock” – Soldiers’ Sock Fund booklet 1914
Contributed by Archives Outside reader Rhonda Cetta-Hoye

"The Grey Sock" - Soldiers' Sock Fund booklet 1914 Contributed by Archives Outside reader Rhonda Cetta-Hoye

“The Grey Sock” – Soldiers’ Sock Fund booklet 1914
Contributed by Archives Outside reader Rhonda Cetta-Hoye

References and further reading:

“Australian Comforts Fund World War I”, Museum Victoria, available from http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/themes/1848/australian-comforts-fund-world-war-i

“Booklet – The grey sock 1914″, Powerhouse Museum, available from http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/mob/collection/database/?irn=10108&search=patriotism&images=&wloc=&c=1&s=0

“Homefront – World War I and Australia”, State Library NSW, available from http://guides.sl.nsw.gov.au/content.php?pid=489033&sid=4179071

“Knitting for the Troops” Australian War Memorial, available from https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2013/10/25/knitting-troops/

Local Treasures: The Rodoni Glass Negatives

new-guinea-spears

Troops posing for a comical photograph after fall of German Papua, 1914 (Digitised from a Thomas James Rodoni Glass negative by Chris Fussell)

Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist of the University of Newcastle discusses plans for the recently donated glass negatives of the late Thomas James Rodoni that documented Australia’s first military conflict of the First World War, the fall of German New Guinea. The Collection also contains images from the lead up to the Great War, including what appears to be recruitment drives across Sydney and Newcastle. There are also images believed to be taken at places around Lithgow and Newcastle.

Learn more and view the stunning images at the University of Newcastle Cultural Collections blog.